A public-private partnership between a state-owned renewable energy incubator and a wind turbine operator has achieved a ‘significant uplift’ in energy production and increased revenue following repair of moderate turbine-blade erosion.
The Glasgow-based Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult (OREC) in collaboration with Centrica has completed the first in-field measurement campaign under its wind turbine blade leading-edge programme and have concluded that an uplift in annual energy production of between 1.5 to 2% is possible following the repair of moderate blade erosion.
For a ‘typical’ 500MW UK offshore windfarm, a 1.5% uplift in annual energy production could amount to as much as £3.5 million in increased revenue generation per wind farm.
The measurement campaign, carried out on behalf of OREC by the Measurement Services Department at RES, in collaboration with Centrica and focused on an offshore windfarm, used LiDAR technology to accurately measure the power performance impact of blade leading edge erosion by assessing performance before and after blade repairs were carried out.
The results will allow owner-operators to optimise their repair and maintenance strategies, balancing cost versus benefit in order to minimise levelised cost of energy impact and maximise revenue.
The resultant method will now be used to carry out a further two measurement campaigns as part of the wider collaborative industry programme of works, to validate the results and the methodology used.
Andrew Kay, OREC Innovation Manager, said: “Blade leading-edge erosion remains a significant issue for the wind power industry. The outcomes from this project will help the industry to optimise blade maintenance informed by an understanding of both the cost and the benefit of repair work.
“However, this measurement represents a single result from a single turbine type, site, and level of erosion. As such it is extremely important that further studies are performed to build a more complete picture of how the level of erosion, site, turbine and atmospheric variables influence the impact of erosion on performance.
“The methodology developed and executed as part of this campaign could also be used in the assessment of proactive turbine upgrades such as aerodynamic or control improvements as well as to assess the impact of leading edge protection products on power performance.”
Bailey Bradley, Renewables Commercial Manager, Centrica, added: “Understanding and quantifying the impact of leading edge erosion on turbine performance is essential in order to manage the operating business, planning and forecasting and managing the OEM to help them to plan blade inspection and repair activities.
“It is often difficult for operators to share knowledge and data but OREC ‘s independence has enabled it to facilitate this and win the trust of the participants.”
Simon Feeney, Manager of the RES Measurement Services Department, said: “The ZephIR LiDAR technology selected for the measurement campaign, ZephIR DM, allowed small changes in the turbine performance to be detected and the full rotor measurement allowed us to isolate changes as a result of the blade repair from seasonal and diurnal shifts in performance.
“This first-of-a-kind campaign shows there is a real benefit to annual energy production by taking a proactive approach to turbine maintenance”.