Energy consumption peaked at 1,830 million tonnes of oil equivalent (MTOE) in 2006 but has since fallen back to 1,680 MTOE, having stood at 1,670 MTOE in 1990, the baseline from which most carbon dioxide emission reduction targets are set.
Europe’s energy dependence rate stood at 53% in 2012, showing the union is dependent on imported energy.
The EU produced only 794 MTOE of energy in 2012, with nuclear energy accounting for 29%, renewables – consisting of biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar and wind – reaching 22%, and the remaining 49% made up of coal, gas, oil and other fuels.
The UK cut its energy consumption by 12.2% over the period but remained the third-largest energy consumer in the EU.
Britain has an energy dependence rate of 42% and is also the EU’s third-largest energy producer, with 15% of the union’s total energy output.
Denmark was the only net exporter of energy, with smaller countries such as Cyprus, Luxembourg and Malta importing nearly all of their energy.
Estonia was the least dependant on imported energy, followed by Romania and the CzechRepublic.